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Understanding the 1% Withholding Tax on Online Sellers

The digital marketplace is an ocean of opportunity for Filipinos looking to express themselves and earn income online. It is ever-changing with the tides of technology and regulation. In this new environment, a new economy has definitely been created and with it comes regulations. A recent governmental update made its presence felt in the Philippines – the introduction of the “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers.”

This policy marks a significant shift in the tax landscape for e-commerce, affecting a multitude of businesses and entrepreneurs who rely on digital platforms to sell their products and services. Understanding this “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers” regulation is not just about compliance; it’s about adapting to a new era of digital commerce where transparency and fairness are key.

In simple terms, the 1% Withholding Tax on online sellers is a small but vital piece of the broader tax puzzle. It’s akin to a new rule in a board game that changes how players strategize their moves. Previously, the tax system primarily captured transactions between clients and suppliers. Now, with the “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers,” the system extends its reach, bringing more players into the fold and ensuring everyone contributes their fair share.

But what does this mean for the average online seller? Imagine you’re a small business owner selling handmade crafts through an online marketplace. In the past, your tax concerns were mostly around income tax and perhaps VAT if your turnover exceeded the threshold. Now, with the introduction of the “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers,” there’s a new element to consider in your financial landscape.

What is the 1% Withholding Tax?

The “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers” can be thought of as a small slice of your sales pie that the government takes as a pre-payment towards your annual income tax. It’s a bit like a restaurant that deducts a portion of the waitstaff’s daily earnings and sets it aside to cover their end-of-year tax obligations. This tax is not an additional burden but rather a preemptive collection, which will be offset against your income tax dues at the end of the fiscal year.

Here’s the kicker: this tax applies to every transaction made through online marketplaces. So, every time someone buys your handmade crafts, 1% of that sale is withheld and remitted to the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) by the marketplace.

Impact on Online Sellers

As an online seller, this new tax regime means a few things. First and foremost, it simplifies your tax calculation. Instead of fretting over a large tax bill at the end of the year, a portion of it is being taken care of with each sale. Consider it similar to having a savings account where you automatically deposit a small fraction of your earnings to prepare for a future expense. 

For example, let’s say you sell a handcrafted vase for ₱1,000. Under the new system, ₱10 (1% of ₱1,000) will be withheld and remitted by the marketplace to the BIR. When it’s time to file your annual taxes, this ₱10 is already accounted for. 

This system also brings in an element of fairness. Previously, the burden of tax compliance fell heavily on registered and diligent taxpayers. Now, with the “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers,” even those who might have slipped under the radar are contributing their fair share. It’s like a communal potluck dinner where previously only a few brought dishes, but now everyone contributes something, making the event more equitable and enjoyable for all.

Benefits of the New Tax Regulation

The benefits of this new tax regime extend beyond simplifying tax payments for sellers. It offers a clearer picture of the e-commerce landscape to the BIR. Think of it as having a guest list for a party, where previously you only knew who RSVP’d, but now you have a record of everyone who attended. This visibility is crucial for the BIR to understand the size and dynamics of the e-commerce sector in the Philippines.

Moreover, considering that the e-commerce market in the Philippines is booming – valued at an impressive $16 billion in 2023 – ensuring that even a small percentage of this is taxed means a significant revenue for the government. This revenue can then be reinvested into public services and infrastructure, ultimately benefiting society as a whole.

How Does This Affect E-commerce in the Philippines?

The introduction of the “1% Withholding Tax on online sellers” is like a new rule in the game of e-commerce. It levels the playing field, ensuring that all players, big and small, contribute to the nation’s economy. This is not just about increasing tax revenue; it’s about fostering a more organized and regulated online marketplace.

This new tax system is particularly significant given the size of the e-commerce market in the Philippines. A 1% contribution from a $16 billion market is not negligible. It’s a substantial amount that can help fund public services, improve infrastructure, and support other government initiatives. This tax is a small drop from each sale that collectively forms a significant stream of revenue for the country.

Compliance and Adaptation

For online sellers, adapting to this new tax regulation means understanding the process and ensuring that their sales are correctly reported and taxes appropriately withheld. This might seem daunting, but it’s akin to learning the rules of a new app or game – initially challenging, but manageable with a bit of practice and the right tools.

One key player in helping sellers adapt is the online marketplaces themselves. They act as the intermediaries, withholding and remitting the tax to the BIR. This setup is similar to a marketplace organizer who collects a small fee from each vendor for the upkeep of the market.

How the 1% Withholding Tax Actually Works

The introduction of the “1% withholding tax” on online sellers in the Philippines brings with it a new operational process for both the marketplaces and the sellers. This new system, while straightforward, involves specific steps and requirements that ensure compliance and proper tax management.

1. Withholding by the Marketplace

 The core of this new tax regulation lies in the role of online marketplaces. For every transaction made on their platforms, they withhold 1% of the amount remitted to the seller. This process is akin to a cashier who, upon every purchase, sets aside a small percentage of the payment for a specific purpose.

However, the responsibility of the marketplace goes beyond just withholding the tax. They are also required to report these withholdings to the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR). This additional reporting includes detailed information about the transactions and the amounts withheld. It’s similar to a librarian keeping a detailed record of every book borrowed and returned, ensuring accountability and transparency in the system.

2. Seller’s Use of Withheld Amounts as Tax Credits

For online sellers, this withholding mechanism has a direct impact on how they manage their taxes. The amount withheld by the marketplace is not a separate tax but a prepayment towards their income tax. Sellers can use these withheld amounts as tax credits when they file their quarterly income taxes. 

To put it simply, if a seller owes ₱1,000 in income tax for a quarter and ₱200 has been withheld by marketplaces over that period, the seller only needs to pay ₱800, as the ₱200 withheld is credited against their tax due. This system can be likened to a store that offers loyalty points for each purchase, which can be redeemed for discounts on future purchases.

3. Reporting Requirements for Sellers

With the implementation of this tax, sellers now have an additional reporting obligation. Along with their quarterly income tax filings, they must submit a Summary Alphalist of Withheld Taxes. This document is a detailed record of all the taxes that have been withheld by marketplaces over the quarter. It serves as proof of the tax credits the seller is claiming. Preparing this document is similar to a traveler who keeps all receipts during a trip to claim expense reimbursements.

This alphalist is crucial because it substantiates the tax credits the seller is claiming. Without it, the seller cannot prove that these amounts have been withheld, and therefore, cannot rightfully claim them against their tax dues. It’s akin to having a voucher for a discount; without presenting the voucher, the discount cannot be applied.

Streamlining the Process

Understanding and adapting to these new requirements might seem challenging initially. However, with the right tools and a bit of organization, sellers can seamlessly integrate these processes into their regular business operations. Using Taxumo which caters to online sellers can simplify tracking sales, calculating taxes due, and preparing necessary reports. It’s like using a smart home system to control various devices in your house; once set up, it takes care of the complexities, leaving you to focus on the bigger picture – growing your business.

Looking Ahead: The Future of Online Selling and Taxation

As the e-commerce industry continues to grow, the tax policies will likely evolve alongside it. Staying informed and adaptable is crucial for online sellers. The “1% withholding tax” might just be the beginning of a series of tax reforms aimed at adapting to the digital age. It’s akin to the updates in your favorite apps – necessary for improving functionality and keeping up with changing user needs and environments.

Let’s Wrap It Up

The introduction of the “1% withholding tax” on online sellers in the Philippines marks a significant step towards modernizing the tax system and adapting it to the realities of a booming digital economy. This new policy simplifies tax compliance for sellers, ensures fairness in the tax system, and provides the government with a more accurate picture of the e-commerce landscape.

For online sellers, it’s crucial to understand and adapt to this change. It’s about playing by the new rules of the game – rules that promise a more equitable and transparent marketplace for all. By staying informed and utilizing tools and services designed to aid in compliance, sellers can navigate this new landscape with confidence.

As we continue to witness the growth and evolution of e-commerce in the Philippines, it’s clear that tax policies will evolve too. Embracing these changes, staying informed, and remaining adaptable are key to thriving in the dynamic world of online selling. The “1% withholding tax” is more than a tax policy; it’s a step towards a more organized, fair, and prosperous digital marketplace for everyone involved.

Some more information: Online Seller Announcement from Shopee / Online Seller Announcement from Lazada

Get guidance on how to file and pay your taxes online! Sign up for FREE at Taxumo and join one of our Intro to Taxumo Sessions.

24 thoughts on “Understanding the 1% Withholding Tax on Online Sellers”

  1. Since your transaction can be seen by BIR through generation of report by the market. Do they issue OR even though the amount is so so small. The OR authorized by BIR is so expensive ranging from P3 to P4 per piece which add to the cost. Even more when the item has been returned.

    1. Hello Jong,

      Good day!

      Please be advised that it is mandated that we provide an OR for every goods and services that we rendered no matter how big or small the amount is. 🙂

    1. Hello Rohan,

      To get the best guidance for your question, I highly recommend reaching out to a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) who specializes in taxation. They have the expertise and knowledge needed to provide you with personalized advice based on your specific situation. A CPA can offer detailed insights and address any tax-related questions or concerns you may have.

      You can easily book a consultation session with a CPA at a rate of Php 1500 for a 45-minute session. Just visit to schedule your session and make the payment. They will guide you through the process and give you all the necessary information.

      If you have any more questions or need specific help with using the Taxumo platform, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us again. We’re here to provide support and assist you with any inquiries you may have about using Taxumo. Feel free to contact us anytime, and we’ll be more than happy to help!

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  3. Does this include tiktok affiliates only ? For example, doing commissions and earning less than 3,000 a month.please advise

    1. For content creators and affiliates, you will still need to register and pay taxes, but the 1% withholding tax on online sellers is specific for online sellers 🙂 We have some information on how to pay taxes as a content creator / affiliate. 🙂

  4. If the payment for online seller will be done thru cod. What date would you write on the receipt?

    Would it be dated on the day order was placed or on the day the order is shipped out?

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    1. Network orchestrators like Tiktok need to withhold 1% and then remit it to the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR). If Tiktok withheld from a payment to you, you need to get a 2307 form from them. That’s the proof that they forwarded the 1% to BIR.

  7. Hi, since the 1% is being witheld from our gross remittance, does this mean that we have to declare the gross remittance as our gross sales in form 1701Q?

  8. What are the tax rules and procedures if a Filipino sells in Amazon USA and uses his/her Philippine TIN and other documents?

    1. Hi Tina! All income earned while on Philippine soil (if sale was in the US but the seller is in the Philippines), you have to declare and pay taxes for these transactions.

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  10. Hi! My business is registered at 8% IT rate. Can I deduct platform fees in declaring gross sales/remittances? Thanks

    1. Hi Raya! For the 8% IT rate, expenses don’t really matter in the computation of income taxes. However, you can keep track of it and still write it in your books of accounts.

  11. Hi,

    I work for a bank and do not have visibility on the part where online platforms withhold from sellers as we only withhold 0.5% from credit card transactions with the online platform and issue them a CWT.

    How are online platforms able to utilize the CWT we give when it is not their income?

    1. Hello Alvin,

      Good day!

      The deduction of withholding taxes is actually another responsibility of these online platforms. They will deduct a percentage from their sellers income as their withholding tax and remit it to BIR monthly. They will also need to issue a form 2307 as a proof of these deductions too. The sellers can claim the deducted withholding taxes as their tax credit for their income tax filing dues and they will only need to attach the form 2307 as a supporting document for the tax credit claim. 🙂

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