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Understanding and Filing BIR Form 2551Q: A Guide for Filipino Taxpayers

In the realm of tax compliance in the Philippines, BIR Form 2551Q, known as the Quarterly Percentage Tax Return, plays a crucial role for self-employed individuals, professionals, and businesses. This guide delves into what BIR Form 2551Q entails, who needs to file it, and how to accurately compute and submit this essential document.

What is BIR Form 2551Q?

BIR Form 2551Q is designed for the declaration of the percentage tax due on a quarterly basis by those not subject to Value Added Tax (VAT). It caters primarily to professionals, freelancers, and small business owners whose annual gross sales or receipts fall below the VAT threshold (Php 3,000,000 Gross revenue per year), ensuring their compliance with the Philippines’ tax regulations.

Check out the latest Form 2551Q here.

Eligibility for Filing BIR Form 2551Q

Individuals or entities generating income through non-VAT covered transactions need to file this form. It targets a wide range of taxpayers including professionals and entrepreneurs who navigate the business landscape without crossing the VAT threshold, thus falling under the 3% percentage tax bracket.

Computing the 3% Percentage Tax

The computation of the 3% tax due is straightforward:

  1. Sum up your total gross sales or receipts for the quarter.
  2. Apply the 3% rate (0.03) to this total.

For example, with gross sales of PHP 100,000, the tax due would be PHP 3,000 (PHP 100,000 x 0.03).

For easier tax preparation, computation and filing, sign up to Taxumo. Beyond tax compliance, MSMEs and self – employed individuals use Taxumo to track their business’ financial health. When you diligently use Taxumo to record your sales and expenses, you’ll know exactly how much tax dues you need to set aside for the next tax deadline. Check it out now and see its benefits: Book a Tutorial Session!

Late Filing and Incorrect Submission Penalties

Late or incorrect filings attract surcharges, interest, and compromise penalties. The standard late filing surcharge is 25% of the tax due, while incorrect filings can incur a 50% surcharge. Interest is calculated at 12% per annum from the due date to the payment date. The BIR sets the compromise penalty based on the specific violation.

Filing Your BIR Form 2551Q

To file BIR Form 2551Q:

  1. Sign up to Taxumo.
  2. Go to the Cashflow tab and input / encode all of your revenue. Also, encode all of your expenses (although for 2551Q computation, these wouldn’t matter yet).
  3. Go to the Tax Dues tab and under current filings, you will see your 2551Q form (if you don’t see it, make sure you have clicked on it on your SETTINGS tab/page.)
  4. Be mindful of deadlines to avoid penalties.
  5. Upon submission and payment of your taxes via Taxumo, the system will automatically pass on the data and payment to BIR.
  6. Confirmation from the BIR will seen in your TAX DUES tab under Past Filings.


Filing BIR Form 2551Q is a testament to the civic duty of contributing to the nation’s development while ensuring compliance with tax laws. As the tax landscape evolves, staying informed and adhering to the guidelines ensures that taxpayers can navigate these obligations with confidence. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a new entrepreneur, understanding how to get BIR Form 2551Q filed correctly is paramount in maintaining your business’s financial health and legal standing.

Sharing more information on the Bureau of Internal Revenue Form 2551Q:

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